Pipil-Nicarao Migrations (Map)

About the Project: This project came into fruition during the second quarter of my first year of graduate school (winter 2018) at UCLA during a seminar on the historiography of colonial Latin America with Dr. Kevin Terraciano. The project outlines the three most popular theories on the migration trajectories of native Nahuatl speakers from central Mexico to Central America, particularly what is now known as modern-day El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. I presented this map at the 3rd annual Nahuatl conference at UCLA in May 2018. My presentation was called “Migraciones de los Pipil-Nicarao nahua-hablantes hacia Centroamérica”.

Direct Google Maps Linkhttps://www.google.com/maps/d/viewer?mid=14dPQmFsuPdRMNTpOHjuEKqs36iGtEeHN&usp=sharing


Cardenal, Rodolfo. Manual de Historia de Centroamérica. UCA Editores, 2016.

Carmack, Robert M. The Indigenous Peoples of Mesoamerica and Central America: Their Societies, Cultures, and Histories. Lexington Books, 2017.

______, et al. The Legacy of Mesoamerica: History and Culture of a Native American Civilization. 2nd Edition. Institute for Mesoamerican Studies, University of Albany. Pearson Education Inc., 2007.

Fowler, William R. “Cacao Production, Tribute, and Wealth in 16th Century Izalcos, El Salvador.” Chocolate in Mesoamerica: A Cultural History of Cacao, by Arlen F. Chase and Diane Z. Chase, University Press of Florida, 2009, pp. 307–321.

______. The Cultural Evolution of Ancient Nahua Civilizations: the Pipil-Nicarao of Central America. University of Oklahoma Press, 1989.

______. “Ethnohistoric Sources on the Pipil-Nicarao of Central America: A Critical Analysis.” Ethnohistory, vol. 32, no. 1, 1985, p. 37.

Matthew, L. E., and S. F. Romero. “Nahuatl and Pipil in Colonial Guatemala: A Central American Counterpoint.” Ethnohistory, vol. 59, no. 4, 2012, pp. 765–783.

Museo Nacional de Antropología Dr. David J. Guzmán, El Salvador: colección arqueológica. Ímpetus Comunicación, 2009.

Tesoros Arquelógicos de Costa Rica: Catálogo Exposición Temporal. Museo De Hombre Dominicano, 1979.